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Stages of Team Building

Stages of Team Development

Put the process into fast-track mode with Outbound Team Building Programs

Corporate managers often look at their teams as an entity in its own right that lives, excels, fails and exist as a single unit. But this is like describing a car by its color or model name, without taking a peek under its hood. You would know that the car moves, is from ‘a’ brand, can go from 0 to 100 in ‘x’ seconds and so on. But you wouldn’t know how its engine works, what kind of grip its wheels have and how it manoeuvres around tight corners. Same goes for your team – no matter what the target they are working towards, you need to look inside its shell and learn what’s going on inside. And that is where Team Building comes into play.

For any team to be effective, the individuals that make up the team should know ways to collaborate and contribute towards team outcomes. Building this cohesiveness of working together takes time – a considerable duration of the individuals working together. They need to get to know each other, figure out their strengths and weaknesses, build trust and learn coordination. The tool that HRs use to speed up this process is Team Building Programs.

Team Development Process

The process of individuals learning to work together effectively is known as Team Development. Whenever companies recruit new employees, create a new project or shuffle departments, this process begins again – people learning to be with each other and work with each other. Understanding the process of Team Development is critical for any manager or team leader to guide their subordinates towards achieving collective effectiveness.Outbound team building programs provide individuals with the opportunity to fast forward this process and create situations where team bonding and cohesiveness can be created in controlled environments.

Stages of Team Development - Corporate Training with Junoon Advemture

According to renowned psychologist Bruce Tuckman, the team building usually go through the following five stages:

Team Formation - Outbound Team Building Program - Junoon Aventure

Stage #1: Forming

In this preliminary stage of team building, individuals get oriented with the new work environment and team mates. This is the phase where most employees look towards leadership and authority, owing to their uncertainty regarding the new set of people they are working with.

Corporate Outbound Team Building Programs begin with establishing this leadership right at the outset. Leaders of the unit are chosen and the individuals engage in mostly social interactions so as to get to know one another.

Team Conflicts - Outbound Team Building Program - Junoon Aventure

Stage #2: Storming

This is the second and most difficult phase to pass through. Individual personalities begin to emerge, leading to conflicts, competition and disagreements. Employees might even yearn for their old work environments where they were comfortable and familiar. Some members might rally around the stronger personalities in the group while others may differ over goals and operational processes and may even point fingers towards one another for failures of the team. Team performance actually decreases during this stage as the energy and focus of the individuals is more towards unproductive issues and conflicts.

Corporate Outbound Team Building Programs usually reach this stage through ice-breaking activities. Mentors make the individuals realise their personal contribution towards the task, its role in the performance of the team and the effects of playing the blame game. This stage helps bring out inherent conflicts within the unit that can then be worked upon for achieving cohesiveness.

Team Development - Outbound Team Building Program - Junoon Aventure

Stage #3: Norming

This is the third stage where the failures of the second phase begin to dawn upon the individuals. Some degree of unity and consensus begins to emerge between the individuals. People begin to set aside their differences for achieving the greater good. The group begins trusting the leaders, following protocols and working with cooperation. However, this harmony is precarious at the very least, and any re-emerging conflicts can have the group sliding back into the discord of stage two.

Corporate Outbound Team Building Programs take this stage as a phase of trials. The outbound activities become more challenging and demand collective thinking and unity from the individuals. Each activity is now chosen to strengthen the precarious bond formed between the individuals, creating opportunities to put this team harmony to the test.

Team Performing - Outbound Team Building Program - Junoon Aventure

Stage #4: Performing

By the time the group reaches this fourth stage, consensus and cooperation have become well established factors within the unit. The individuals keep their sense of self on the backburner and really step on the gas pedal, moving faster and faster towards goal achievement. The group begins to play to each other’s strengths and supplements weaknesses. Problems still emerge but they are dealt with more constructively. Commitment towards completing the team’s mission takes center stage.

Corporate Outbound Team Building Programs now generate opportunities to keep the winning morale of the teams up. This sense of achievement is what will remain etched in the individuals minds later on – the idea that they all got together, despite their differences, and made a difference for the team. This very same feeling will stay with them in the workplace as well.

Team Introspection - Outbound Team Building Program

Stage #5: Adjourning

This is the stage when most of the goals of the team have been completed. Now is the time to look back and reflect on what the individuals went through, what they did and how they all came together for the collective benefit. This phase is important as it allows employees to form lasting bonds with each other AND realise their personal potential for putting the good of the team before their own.

Corporate Outbound Team Building Programs usually end this stage with a ceremonial acknowledgement of the work and success of the teams. The focus shifts from winning or losing towards reflection and self-assessment. This is the most crucial stage of the training program as it ensures that the experiences from the day are translated into concrete changes in the work-life of employees.

In Conclusion

While every project or department can go through this process on its own, professionally designed team building programs can help make its outcome faster and more effective than its natural course. So if you have a new target coming up or have a fresh set of individuals coming together for the first time for a project, consider planning an outbound team building program for them. The results will be astounding!

About the Author

Yog Chinmoy Dutt

Yog Chinmoy Dutt, Lead HR Trainer with Junoon, offers active learning programs through adventure and nature. His corporate outbound training programs are designed around the foundation of breaking out of the cubicle and PPT based training systems. These OBTs take route of experiential learning where the participants are exposed to unfamiliar, nature based environments along with targeted team building activities and challenges through which they discover their true performance potential and understand team dynamics.

Corporate Team Building Programs by Junoon

Junoon's Team Building Programs - Pictures

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It is a widely known fact that “all work and no play makes Jack a dull boy”. However, any white-collar job these days is of the same nature – all work and no play. How, then, are businesses supposed to maintain productivity at high levels? It is only through offering their employees some manner of recreational, challenging engagement that a fresh start can be initiated in the thinking process and mindset of the employees, which can be easily achieved through corporate outbound training.

How does corporate OBT offer a “fresh start”?

  • All outbound trainings are conducted in a completely new environment – mostly close to nature. This offers the participants to experience a setting totally different from their work environment. It is a highly effective way to invoke curiosity for the new surroundings in anybody’s mind. Curiosity is an important element to scintillate the mind.
  • Office work demands output of certain specific set of skills to achieve desirable results. As time passes, a burnout stage is reached when it becomes necessary to present some creative challenges to the employees in order to reactivate their thought process. Outbound trainings are interlaced with interesting activities that employ critical thinking as the basic requirement, thus providing the participants a new perspective to think from. It catalyses their recreational capabilities and provides them with an opportunity to display their extra-curricular skills as well. In the long run, this helps to reaffirm confidence as well as open new avenues of social bonding between employees.
  • Always having to give 100% to work and company is bound to birth some amount of animosity from the employees towards the employer. By organizing periodical outbound camps, the brand communicates to the employees that it cares for them; this goes a long way in building trust, and also reinvigorates the spirit of the employees towards their job responsibilities.
  • Outbound training programs often aim at dissolving hierarchical boundaries between the participants, allowing all of them to compete at the same level. A new kind of bonding is initiated by doing this, reinforcing a feeling of goodwill among those who are teamed up – seniority/juniority notwithstanding.
  • A break in the monotony of daily life always works to help reset the thought process in a person.


Organizing regular outbound training camps for the employees helps them regain their productive capacities in more aspects than one. Junoon Adventure offers bespoke training solutions to corporates, tailored according to the employer’s needs.

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Outbound trainings are the latest trend in corporate houses these days. Some organizations have even made it mandatory for their employees to go through such trainings as part of their work curriculum – and there is a big reason behind it. Corporate life is fraught with high levels of stress, resulting in high levels of cortisol in the body. This results in prolonged negativity in the employees, which leads to a vicious loop of frustration and high employee turnover. This directly attacks a company’s productivity and efficiency. To combat this, outbound trainings have been brought into the frame. Let’s see how they are effective in dealing with human resources of a company.

Corporate outbound training has a science behind it. While stress and monotonous work increase cortisol levels, our body also has a countermeasure to balance it out – endorphins and dopamine. These hormones are released in the body through physical activity and a feeling of achievement. As it goes, not everybody has a dedicated exercise regime, which results in them carrying excessive cortisol in their bodies, making them feel its effects like fatigue, peevishness, reduction in productivity and attention-span, etc. The employers, therefore, have their employees participate regularly in outbound trainings. Such trainings are interlaced with activities – both physically and mentally stimulating – that help balance out the negatives and positives of work-culture.


Getting the employees outdoors results in numerous physical benefits that go a long way in inspiring and motivating them towards leading a more positive lifestyle.

  • Release of endorphins – the adventure activities that employees participate in have considerable physical movement that helps them get a good workout.
  • Inspiration and motivation to start regular exercise – many employees feel motivated and inspired to get fit and active while on outbound trainings. Many of them see this through and actually start working to gain a fitter body; and it is as they say, a fit body houses a fit mind.
  • Benefits of getting outdoors – apart from a change in routine, getting outdoors into nature always has its benefits. Breathing in fresh air, relaxing under the trees, eating woodfire-cooked food; the entire experience helps the body re-tune its frequency back to natural.


  • Sense of achievement – participating in outdoor activities and reaching the finish line always triggers a sense of achievement, however mild or strong, which always results in positive feeling and attitude towards life.
  • Broadening of outlook – the 4×4 cubicle of office environment only has so much of experience to give, and it can be changed through outbound trainings. Getting out of that cubicle and into the raw outdoors helps employees broaden their perspective of life, which may ultimately help them hatch new ideas and see things differently.
  • Icebreakers between employees – outbound trainings are a great way for your employees to get to know each other, which would not normally happen in an office environment.
  • Better social involvement – Humans are social creatures; if the caveats of hierarchy are removed, humans can gel together surprisingly well. This helps to form stronger teams and a cohesive, conflict-free work-environment.

If your company is missing out on the benefits of outbound trainings, register for one today. Junoon Adventure creates bespoke outbound training programs for corporates that help you fix what you need fixed.

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Outbound training – importance and efficacy

Corporate companies today are all about productivity and getting the job done. Employees punch-in, sit down and work away till the day ends – and the monotony thus created results in reduced output. The human brain requires stimulation to be able to focus, and this stimulation can only be achieved by breaking the pattern of tedium. How can this be achieved? Outbound training sessions aim to give the employees a new environment that enables them to rediscover the spark their minds need to lunge back into their daily lives and actually get jobs done. While this sounds exactly like taking a vacation, there is an interesting twist. Corporate outbound training sessions aim at producing long-lasting, and sometimes even permanent, impact on the human mind – lessons and takeaways that help the employees improve their productivity and thinking capacity.

What can you expect from an outbound training session?

Outdoor learning sessions are meant for one purpose only – to help the employees push their limits through taking risks, getting out, participating; it all boils down to one phrase – getting out of comfort zone. Through facing challenges in the form of activities on an outdoor learning session, employees intertwine play with work, which is a proven method of effective learning.

The HR professionals that conduct outbound training sessions look at specific elements of human behaviour in work environment, such as communication, and create activities around these elements. These activities subtly force the employees to engage their aptitude towards achieving the objective, thus breaking their comfort bubble and presenting them with a sudden hurdle to jump over. Building employee aptitude and strengthening their morale and resolve helps to create a workforce that faces adversities with a positive outlook.

Experts recognize the following areas that can be targeted through outbound learning sessions for improvement or change.

  1. Communication
  2. Organizational effectiveness
  3. Leadership
  4. Problem solving
  5. Team building
  6. Flexibility
  7. Creativity
  8. Trustworthiness

The workforce of any company is made of employees; it is these employees that generate results – good or bad. To train their minds for tailored results and help them unlock their latent potential is the objective of outbound learning sessions. Skills are not just limited to knowledge of tools; skills are also vested in the behaviour and personality. Personal growth impacts organizational growth; it is thus important to take both in stride.

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Leadership Development


Over the years, the essence of leadership has evolved quite a bit. Corporates have now come to clearly distinguish the characteristics of a good leader from the bad. In order for the entire organization to function smoothly, it is necessary to achieve a synchronisation between the leaders and the team. More importantly, it is essential that team leaders understand their role and responsibility if they are to derive maximum efficiency from their teams. Some people are born leaders; others are made. Through targeted outbound exercises, it is possible to help the “hesitant” or “dormant” class of leaders to come to the frontline and perform. Leadership development training helps the participants understand how best to tackle their team through various outdoor exercises designed to trigger leadership instincts in individuals.

Why are outbound training programs necessary for leadership training?
Office environment is a formal setup where corporate hierarchy is prevalent and strictly imposed. In order to implement effective strategies of leadership training, these walls of formality need to be taken down. This is where changing work environment helps. An unfamiliar outdoor environment (like a jungle or a riverbank) triggers basic human instinct of forming packs and sticking together, which helps to melt the ice between employees.

Junoon Adventure’s outbound training programs help the participant recognize and acknowledge five aspects of leadership, and work towards grooming them.

  • Coaching: effectiveness of the way a leader is improving his team. Participants learn that real-time feedback and encouragement work better than judgement and disapproval.
  • Accountability: ethical responsibility for the team’s actions. Aims to teach the participants that the leader is not separate from the team, rather the answerable part of it.
  • Communication: aimed to make participants understand that communication isn’t only verbal or written. By tailoring communication through body language, words or behaviour, the leader is letting the team know his opinion of them – and it is necessary to ensure this communication is effective in getting the job done at the end of the day.
  • Change management: one of the key qualities of a leader is to help his team prepare ahead for possible changes that may come in the near future. This can happen when a leader is trained to analyse events and form a bigger picture from the microdata he has.
  • Influence: leaders differ from bosses in that they actively participate along with their teams in getting a job done. Influence and negotiation play key roles in identifying the most efficient approach towards completing a task and generating desired results from the team.

Junoon Adventure conducts corporate outbound training programs that target leadership issues specifically. We make sure to design the activities in a way that targets all the issues that clients highlight.